In accordance with the Ministry of Education, PPM 140 – Incorporating Methods of Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) Into Programs for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), the District School Board of Niagara (DSBN) supports the use of Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) instructional practices to support students with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
This approach is based on understanding the underlying function of behaviour, identifying setting events/precipitating factors in the environment and implementing corresponding positive supports.
ABA uses methods based on scientific principles of learning and behaviour to build useful repertoires of appropriate behaviour and reduce problematic ones. In this approach the behaviours to be changed are clearly defined for each student and recorded.
The following principles underlie ABA programming:
Interventions based on behavioral principles are designed to develop appropriate behavioural strategies to teach new skills and/or replacement skills. Relevant ABA methods must be used to support student transition, where appropriate. Transitions may include: entry to school; transition between activities and settings or classrooms; transitions between grades; moving from school to school or from an outside agency to a school; transition from elementary to secondary school; transition from secondary school to postsecondary destinations and/or the workplace. It is essential that school board staff work with parents and community agencies to plan for a successful transition.
ABA can be used with students of any age, applied in a variety of situations and must be used to support students with ASD. The approach is also beneficial for a broader range of students to develop skills in key areas and to address behaviours that impact participation and engagement. It is also intended to be an approach in which collaboration between parents, schools and community agencies come together to provide consistency in supporting students in the DSBN.